Mitral, Aortic and Tricuspid valve replacement
Severe damage due to disease of any heart valve, prevents the possibility of repairing the valve. In such cases, a valve replacement surgery is recommended.
Valve replacements may be done for aortic valve, mitral valve, tricuspid valve or sometimes pulmonary valve disease. In some cases, more than one valve replacement may be required simultaneously, depending on the disease status of the valve.
The options of valve replacements are either mechanical valves or tissue valves. Mechanical valve prosthesis are made of alloys and materials like carbon. These artificial valves are very durable but require the patient to be on blood-thinning medications (anitcoagulants). In contrast, tissue valves do not require anticoagulants, but can be used only in elderly patients (those above 60 years of age). Tissue valves can also be used for females in child bearing age group. The disadvantage of tissue valves is that they are not as durable as the mechanical vales.
After a valve replacement surgery, the patient is able to get back to most of his daily routine.