The excision of a part of the lung may be required in certain diseases. The removal of a lobe of the lung or a complete lung on one side may be necessary in some patients. Disease like cancer, tuberculosis sequelae are common reasons for this.
Lobectomy is a procedure whereby a particular lobe or lobes of one side of the lung is removed.
Pneumonectomy is a procedure whereby a whole lung of an entire side of the chest is removed. The patient after removal of a whole lung, lives normally with the help of the opposite lung, which compensates for the loss of the lung.
Tumors or growth in the supporting tissues of the chest result in the need for removing these tumors. Though related close to the large blood vessels, heart and the lungs, mediastinal tumor excision can be done safely. Most patients can go back to a normal life after such surgery and in those with cancer, the results with other modes of treatment like radiotherapy and chemotherapy are further improved.
Thymectomy – The thymus gland lying in front of the heart is an organ which produces important cells for immunity during early childhood. In the disease of myasthenia gravis, where a patient presents with muscle weakness, medicines may not always respond well. The removal of the thymus gland can help reverse or control this disease. As the thymus gland lies in front of the heart, this surgery is done commonly by a sternotomy route.